A selection of these tools begins with those used by hand, used mainly in the cultivation of wheat, which dominated in this region. Tools such as the ‘broyeur à blé noir’, a grinding mill for buck wheat. There is also a portable wine press and a container for salted bacon. There are tools for clearing the land ("défricher"), hoeing ("sarcler"), removing undergrowth ("débroussailler"), tedding ("faner"), and reaping ("moissonner").
In the second room is a collection of yokes and, on the right, scales for weighing the sacks of corn. Note the identification plate for horsedrawn vehicles ("véhicules hippomobiles"), which was compulsory or a fine had to be paid. On the left is a selection of straps and an ox muzzle. The ox was widely used before the First World War, after which it was replaced by the horse. The tractor came after the Second World War.
The Wine Cellar
The cultivation of the vine appears to be very well established in our region. Fossilised remains seem to indicate vast areas of wild vines on the northern banks of the Grandlieu Lake dating from 7000 B.C. Grape pips have been discovered in the Gaul Camp at Pornic and the first mention of cultivation in the ares, appears in the 7th century. The wine cellar here has a wide selection of tools which were used in the production of wine.
"serpette à tailleron"
"couteau à sec"
Pays de Retz